Tequila 101 – A Guide to the Process of Making Tequila
When we talk about Tequila, we are referring to the distilled beverage made from blue agave plant. This blue agave plant can be found 65 kilometers northwest from Guadalajara, in the Jalisco Highlands. This plant is high in sugar, making it a great ingredient in tequila. Some of Mexico’s finest tequila producers are located in the Jalisco region.
Tequila production is labor-intensive. It takes five to twelve years for agave plants to fully mature. It is also a very delicate process, requiring special care. The main component of tequila, agave, is fructose. The fermentation process produces ethanol, isobutyl alcohol, and maguey. The agave is then soaked in water and allowed it to ferment.
The fermentation process of tequila varies depending on the species, despite its distinct taste and color. The main sugar in the plant, fructose is used during the fermentation process. However, the flowering stalk, known as the quiote, can grow up to six metres (20 ft) high. This is called quercetin and it is used to force sap to the plant’s heart.
Producers use a different fermentation process to make tequila. The fermentation process can be either open or closed, depending on the type of agave. This process can be done in both open and closed vats. The agave fibers provide an aromatic component. Once fermentation is complete, the liquid is ready to be distilled two times. This is done using copper or stainless-steel stills.
The type of yeast strain used and the carbon-nitrogen ratio are key factors in the production of tequila. CF1 agaves produce higher alcohol levels than CF2 agaves, and this difference affects the flavour and aroma. During the fermentation process, the agave plants produce a tall flower stalk, known as the quiote. This flower stalk uses the plant’s energy reserves, resulting in a tequila that can be six metres (20 feet) in height.
Tequila must be twice distilled in order to make it. The first process is a combination of pot stills, while the second is a combination of column and pot stills. The second step is to make a final distillation of tequila. The distillation process should take at least one year. The agave must also be aged in oak barrels at least 2 years before it can bottled.
Ageing tequila is the second step in making it. Tequila can be aged in its barrels for up to a year. However, the process of aging will depend on the type and thickness of the wood. Some brands even age their tequila in barrels that have previously held American whiskey. The type of agave determines whether tequila will be aged in its casks.
Tequila is often made with mezcal, which does not contain tequila. The oldest distilled spirit in North America is mezcal, which is produced from a single agave. In Mexico, tequila is produced using a process of fermentation and aging, but it must be brewed from pure agave. Unlike tequila, mezcal must be made from 100% agave.
It is important to pay attention to the ingredients when purchasing tequila. The purest tequila will have a clearer color and taste. It will be distilled using less agave than other types of tequila. Blanco is the purest type of tequila. However, it should not be mistaken for mezcal, which is a blend of agave and other ingredients.
The agave plant is a popular crop in Mexico. The region is home to approximately 165 million plants each year. In addition to mezcal, tequila is the most popular Mexican spirit. This popular drink is easy to drink and has many health benefits. Nevertheless, it can be a bit overwhelming for people new to the concept. It can be difficult for people to discern if the flavor is subtle, or more complex.
Tequila’s primary source is the agave plant. Its name comes from the Nahuatl word “cooked agave.” A good quality tequila contains at least 35% alcohol. The average industry sugar content is around 21.5%. The agave is roasted to soften its fibers and transform starches into sugar. It is also sold with a paper seal.